Date Archives: 18-Dec-2012

Question: I was recently on a call with a patient presenting with a tachy rhythm of 157 and his blood pressure was 74/42. I proceeded to start a line and was going to bolus but subsequent pressures were above 90 systolic. Would it have been reasonable to not bolus due to the fact that this patient most likely had a decreased BP due to the Fast heart rate and not because of a fluid deficit?

Question: I have a question in regards to a specific situation with the Acute Stroke Protocol. We were called at 06:30 for an 85 year old female in a nursing home with slurred speech as witnessed by nursing staff. Upon our arrival she has a GCS of 15, blood glucose of 6.2 and obvious unilateral facial droop and pronounced associated slurred speech. The patient stated that she was up at 03:00 without concern which removed her from the Acute Stroke Protocol with all other criteria being met.

I understand that if the stoke symptoms resolve prior to our arrival the patient is not eligible for transport under the by-pass protocol. Additionally if their symptoms improve or resolve en route to a Stroke Centre transport should continue. However, en route her symptoms completely resolved and subsequently reoccurred – resolved again and while reporting to triage reoccurred in front of the staff at emerg.

After dialog with emerg staff I have the understanding that with completely resolved symptoms the "clock" would start (for them) with the onset of the recurrent (and witnessed) symptoms.

I would believe she would have the most appropriate care and best outcome being treated at a Stroke Centre. My question is twofold: first, is this a correct understanding of the possible in hospital treatment in way of assessing the initial onset of symptoms? Secondly, specifically for our transport decision could we use the recurrence onset of symptoms as the initial onset for meeting the Acute Stroke Protocol individually if it happened on scene or en route given we had equal distance to an ER or UH?

Question: I was wondering if in the instance of a patient cutting their wrists, becoming hypovolemic and then going VSA if this should be treated as a medical arrest or a traumatic. Thank you in advance.

Question: I am a recent grad from the PCP program and a new hire at my service. I have a question regarding packaging. We were called code 4 for a patient who had a fall. A call from a wrist alarm company.

Patient was found on floor by superintendent in the patient's building after connect care instructed the super. Upon arrival patient was found still sitting on the floor. The carpet behind the patient had a small pool approx. 200mls. Patient cannot remember event but is LOA x 3, good long term memory. Patient does not know how long she has been on the ground.

Physical assessments - Trauma noted on back of head. Lac (bleeding stopped) + Hematoma approx. 1 inch diameter noted on occipital area. Chest is clear, abdomen soft and non tender, pelvis stable, no trauma otherwise noted.

Equal grip strengths. Pupils PERL. Vitals are all within normal limits. Patient upon assessment has no complaints. No dizziness, no lightheaded. NO c-spine, tenderness, no back pain.

It looked as though the patient fell from height, backwards, struck head on dresser and activated wrist alarm. I decided to package the patient as a precaution. I padded the backboard with a towel before laying patient head on the board.

My question is was it necessary to apply collar and backboard this patient? Patient had no c-spine tenderness, no back pain, LOA x 3, good long term memory only issue is patient cannot remember the fall. Patient had no complaint, except the pain from the hematoma against the board.

Question: I'm an IV certified PCP. A question came up last week in regards to aortic aneurysms and different blood pressures bilaterally. If one BP is hypotensive, and the other is normo- or hyper- do we bolus? Ideas that have come up include: Adding fluid may increase the overall pressure, causing the dissection to enlarge; however, the patient is losing fluid and therefore is compensating and needs more.