Category Archives: Medical Directives

Question: If a patient is presenting with signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia (confusion, diaphoresis, pallor, tachycardia, etc.) and you find them with a BG of 4.5mmol/L, but family on scene states their normal BG is over 12mmol/L, and that they are presenting as they typically do when their blood sugar is low, AND you cannot identify from assessment/history any other reason for their current presentation, is it advised to give them oral glucose at this point if they are able to swallow?

Question: Some years ago during a recert in the fall a question was posed regarding administering a nebulized treatment of ventolin to a patient who otherwise would not tolerate an MDI but also had a fever above 38C (all other conditions met). The question was answered by stating if all attempts fail for use of the MDI, a nebulized treatment could be administered if all droplet precautions were taken (N95 worn, gown worn closed window to cab area, goes without saying truck disinfected). Is this in fact the case?

Question: In reference to LOA and gravol administration: a patient who has had a fall and struck their head, has a GCS of 14 (4,4,6) and is alert to person but not place and time, confused about previous events, but can follow commands and is answering some questions appropriately (ie... Birthday, wifes name). Does this rule them out for gravol? My concern is if they are nauseated and we dont treat it early, vomiting and being supine on a spinal board can be very difficult to manage by yourself. I appreciate the definition of LOA is a GCS less than normal for the patient. Can you explain the reasoning for this condition?

Question: I was faced the other day with a question by one of my fellow peers in regards to the administration of nitroglycerine. As a contraindication, it states that we cannot administer nitro of the SBP drops by one third or more of its initial value after nitro is administered. This can be interpreted in 2 different ways, as brought to my attention by my fellow peer so now ever since, I second guess myself. So my question is, this "initial value," is it the very first BP we take even before the first dose of nitro, or is it referring to the initial BP you take AFTER the first dose of nitro. It is such a simple answer I am sure but if I can get clarification so I can also relay the message to my fellow peer that would be great.

Question: Is daily, low dose ASA considered towards 'NSAID use in the past 6 hours,' as per the Adult Analgesia Medical Directive?

Question: I had a scenario where my patient stated he had a few drinks and was slightly drowsy, he answered all my questions fine and was alert to person place and time, once in the ambulance he became nauseous and began vomiting two emesis bags full, I gave gravol in this situation after listing off the contraindications and patient confirming there were none. My question is, would this have been acceptable?

Question: Under the Analgesia & Moderate to Severe Pain Protocol. What is the definition of cancer pain? And if they fall under the guidelines of cancer pain, what kind of relief would a half dose of Ketorolac provide seeing as they are probably on much stronger medications?

Question: In a patient presenting with respiratory distress, crackles and a relevant cardiac history, I would assume that left ventricular failure/infarct would be a fair working assessment. If 12-lead indicated LV involvement occurring with hypotension that would place the Cardiogenic Shock and CPAP Directives out of parameters.

Crackles = no bolus, hypotension = no CPAP. Other than vitals/cardiac monitoring, oxygenation/ventilatory support as needed, it seems like a situation such as this one may limit pre-hospital management, as far as a PCP scope goes. Any comments or suggestions?

Question: I know that the standard practice for Epinephrine administration in the case of anaphylaxis is in the patient's deltoid. I have heard and read that the time to maximal serum concentration of epinephrine is 7 times faster with IM administration to the anterolateral thigh.

My question therefore is: Would it be acceptable to administer epinephrine in the anterolateral thigh as opposed to the deltoid? Or, is SWORBHPs preferred administration site the deltoid and if so why?

References:
http://emergencymedicinecases.com/anaphylaxis-anaphylactic-shock/

Simmons, F.E., Kelso J.M., Feldweg A.M. (2015). Anaphylaxis: Rapid recognition and treatment. In T. W. Post (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved from http://www.uptodate.com/contents/anaphylaxis-rapid-recognition-and-treatment/

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