Category Archives: Intravenous and Fluid Therapy

Question: I'm an IV certified PCP. A question came up last week in regards to aortic aneurysms and different blood pressures bilaterally. If one BP is hypotensive, and the other is normo- or hyper- do we bolus? Ideas that have come up include: Adding fluid may increase the overall pressure, causing the dissection to enlarge; however, the patient is losing fluid and therefore is compensating and needs more.

Question: As a PCP, can you do an inter-facility transfer with a patient with IV running lactated ringers without an escort?

Question: I just have a quick question regarding IV Monitoring. Are PCP's allowed to transport a patient without an escort who has an IV running lactated ringers? This question came up the other day at work and everyone seems to have a different answer. I just wanted to clear this up with you so I know the correct answer!

Question: Example: A patient presents generally unwell, lightheaded and feels like their heart is beating fast, not an unusual call for any paramedic. On exam the patient has a pulse of 130-150 BPM, sinus tach to match on the monitor and BP is 100-110 systolic. Would it not be safe to assume that the BP is being maintained by the HR?

The question: Could this patient not benefit from a one time fluid bolus/challenge of 250ml to see if it decreases the HR decreasing cardiac demand and maintain the BP thus being beneficial for the patients overall condition? I realize that the IV and fluid therapy directive is for a BP less that 90 Systolic and is to ensure that a patient has an adequate perfusion or actual/potential need for medication, however would this not fall under the fluid therapy part of the IV and fluid therapy directive?

Question: I have recently heard several answers to the following question, so I would really appreciate hearing the answer. How many IV attempts are allowed/permitted/encouraged per paramedic/patient?

Question: I am wondering if it is acceptable to initiate a bolus for hypotension based on "estimated" blood pressures. I.e. you are unable to obtain a BP through auscultation and the patient has no palpable radial pulses. We have been taught that you can estimate a patient's blood pressure to be 80 systolic or less with the absence of palpable radial pulses. So, can I treat a patient with a bolus, based on estimated BP's and in conjunction with other symptoms, or do I need an actual and specific number. Thanks in advance.

Question: In a PCP crew with one of those PCP IV certified, should the PCP IV attend on all VSA's? All chest pains with nitro use? It's just that the IV directive is very vague and leaves it very open to interpretation. Thanks in advance!

Question: ALS paramedics have directives as to when they must attend/start IV's to give meds in various situations/bolus etc. The directive for starting an IV is for the "potential need" for an IV, administering meds or bolus. Are there specific times we should always attempt an IV if time permits? (pre arrest, post-ictal, chest pain with past nitro use etc?)

Question: This question is a follow-up to clarify between two questions previously asked- specifically, regarding advanced resuscitation in the setting of DNR, and treatment of FBAO in the setting of DNR. In the most recent question the DNR validity form is quoted as stating that chest compressions should not be initiated on patients with a valid DNR, while in the earlier question it was stated that DNR does not preclude treatment for choking. Should we come across this situation, would we then only administer 'Heimlich'-like abdominal thrusts and not proceed to chest compressions when the patient goes unresponsive, or should chest compressions be initiated until the heart has arrested and then discontinued (i.e. not proceeding to true CPR)?

Question: This question was addressed at the end of January but I'm still unclear on the answer. In our protocol is discusses DKA and the patch point for pts from 2 to 12 for obvious reasons to me. It does not discuss any patient greater than 12. In the past if pt was DKA and showing signs of dehydration we could do a 10ml/kg bolus, then it was changed so that we had to patch for this bolus.

The previous question was weather or not we were doing boluses for adults and it was not addressed. There is no talk of it in our latest protocols. Can we go ahead and bolus an adult in DKA who is showing signs of dehydration without a patch or even with a patch?

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