Category Archives: Hypoglycemia

I have a question in regards to the hypoglycemia directive. We were dispatched to a patient who suffered a fall, with history of diabetes. Upon assessment the patient was GCS 15, answering questions appropriately and oriented to person, place, time and event, however the patient was unable to move their limbs, and had loss of sensation in portions of the arms, torso, and legs, as well as a depressed skull fracture. The patient was hypovolemic and hypoglycemic at 3.2, stating he has not been eating or drinking fluids all day. Due to a complaint of back pain and paralysis, the a c-dollar was applied and scoop was used to extricate. Because the patient was secured to the stretcher supine, treating with oral gel was not an option, and transport was a priority. Some of the symptoms exhibited by the patient are concurrent with typical signs of hypoglycemia. In this situation where the patient is NOT altered, but hypoglycemic, with sufficient suspicion to suspect that low blood sugar may be causing some of the symptoms, would it be reasonable to treat the patient with IV dextrose? How do we proceed in situations where patients may be hypoglycemic, are not altered (GCS less than 15) but are unable to tolerate oral glucose or carbs? I can see this being the case for traumas.

If you attend to an unresponsive patient with diabetes paraphernalia (glucometer kit, dexcom, empty bag of candy, etc) on them and your glucometer is malfunctioning, do you have sufficient cause to administer dextrose or glucagon?

What is our responsibilities once a patient has been arrested under the mental health act? Is it considered implied consent? Are we responsible for vital taking, blood sugar and treatment if the BG is below four? Can the patient refused treatment with a decreased BG and a GCS of 14(confusion)?

Question: How fast can a pediatric Pt. burn through glucose stores? Scenario: Called for a 13y/o unconscious. Consumption of unknown amount of alcohol & unknown drugs or amount. AOx0, GCS 4=E2V1M1. Eyes open to pain as only response. Pt stable vital signs on Primary & throughout transport & BGL 5.8mmol/L on scene. Transport to appropriate children's hospital code 4 CTAS 2with a 25 min transport time. On ED assessment Pt. was given an amp of dextrose as ED found BGL to be "low".... or not able to read on meter, so possibly less than 1.6mmol/L. Crew's service meter DID pass daily test procedure as per manufacturer's guidelines. Thank you

I am an PCP IV certified paramedic, working with a non IV medic. If we have a hypoglycemic patient do I need to attend & consider D10/D50 or can my non IV partner treat the patient with Glucagon instead?” Same question for Gravol; do they need to get it IV or can non IV certified medic give it IM?

I was told during my I.V. course that it is O.K. to give dextrose immediately after Glucagon if an I.V. was achieved after Glucagon administration (failed I.V. attempts - give Glucagon - try another I.V. and succeed - give dextrose). Is this true? If so, would I have to record a new sugar reading prior to dextrose administration even if I’m prepared to give dextrose immediately after glucagon? Would there be any changes to the number of max doses of either drug I could administer in this case.

Question: I’m a recent graduate from the paramedic program and was wondering if I can get some feedback regarding the hypoglycemia treatment. The new protocol that came into play that now includes D10, I was curious what the reasoning was for choosing D10 over D50? Is there anything specific separating the 2 options of treatment?

Question: A couple questions with regards to D10. We have used D10 a few times now to treat hypoglycemia and have noticed some issues. It seems that for anyone with a BLG that is very low (say less than 2.0 for argument sake) the max dose of 10g will not get them over 4.0 mmol/L. Is there plans in the future to increase the dose? Perhaps something like if the patient is < 2.0 mmol/L then a 20g max or 4ml/kg loading dose followed by a 10g or 2ml/kg maintenance dose if necessary?

Second, with regards to Buretrol administration of D10, the process is very slow. Both the setup of the Buretrol and the infusion take quite a bit of time obviously more so if a second dose is required. Is there any reason a 60ml syringe can't be used (draw up and push 60cc and follow up with 40cc) as a push administration instead of the Buretrol? For most situations the slow drip is okay but in the case of an agitated or aggressive patient the quicker option would be nice. I realize the benefits of D10 over D50 in not sky rocketing BGL but the way it is laid out now seems that we have gone too far the other way in not raising BGL enough.

Question: Can we draw up D10 in a 50cc syringe and administer it that way instead of going through the Buretrol?

Question: In a situation where we are unable to get a blood glucose reading from the patient's finger due to patient being combative/handcuffed, are we allowed to get it from the toes of the patient?

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